George Kennan was America's first real expert on Russia. He was the draftsman for our containment policy with Russia, which was not what the military containment that the 'architects' later built. In 1946, the relationship with Russia was deteriorating as they ramped up propaganda programs to distort the intentions of the West, whitewash the activities of Moscow, while shutting down media to control information flows wherever they could. Members of Congress were still able to visit Eastern Europe and Russia, which they did for a variety of reasons. But the private media was already feeling the pressure as the relative openness and freedom of foreign media to collect and report in Moscow during the war was quickly disappearing. Overall, the 'interchange of knowledge and information' was collapsing because of the realities they exposed to the people under Soviet rule and occupation.
Six months before George Marshall started as Secretary of State and eleven months before the European Recovery Program was announced, Kennan penned a draft information policy to understand and deal with Russia. Some of the passages below (the citations are the sections the text was drawn from) are readily transferable to modern documents, while others may seem quaint but became the basic operating principle of America's counter to Soviet propaganda.